Gwich'in Steering Committee

Protecting the Sacred Place Where Life Begins since 1988

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The Forced Assimilation of Native Americans

Native American Assimilation

One of the more shocking and lesser known parts of the Europeans colonization of the United States is the demolition of various Native American social orders and societies. With whites feeling that Native Americans were on “their” property, the United States attempted to drive them to acclimatize to white individuals in the United States through a forced assimilation of Native Americans. Local Americans were constrained into winding up noticeably new natives in the United States. The repercussions of this enormous demolition of the American Indians is still felt today in some ways.

Whites going to the United States from Europe at first attempted to trade off with Indians. This can be seen in such goes about as the Fort Laramie arrangement which set up tribal limits and government assurance as a byproduct of whites having the capacity to cross tribal domain. Before long, with the whites pushing toward the West notwithstanding, guarantees were broken and the US government attempted to legitimize this observation over the Native Americans.

As Helen Hunt Jackson composes, “…and the United States Government breaks guarantees now as deftly as the, and with an additional resourcefulness from long practice…” Before long, wars broke out, compelling the indigenous Indians and the Europeans pilgrims into a battle for North America.

After around ten years of battling, the US and the Native Americans end the wars with numerous Native Americans being assigned land by the United States. This is not really reasonable for the Indians. As Chief Joseph said in 1879, “You should anticipate that the streams will run in reverse as that any man who was conceived free ought to be satisfied penned up and denied freedom to go where he satisfies.” Even all the more shocking was the manner by which, amid and after equipped clash, whites in the United States attempted to incorporate the Native Americans into white society; crushing American Indian



Demolitions and Excavating Impact in the Surrounding Ecosystems

Demolition on a house

There many ways you can carry out exavation and demolitions on any site. The equipment and tools used vary and so is the impact on the surrounding ecosystems. Generally, ecosystems are complex and sensitive, a small alteration to its components will lead to vast impacts. Below are the common demolitions and excavating impact in the surrounding ecosystems.

Potential for Air Pollution

These two activities produce dust and debris that are carried freely in air. In the past, this dust has been considered a nuisance. In the recent past, studies have proved that there are many health hazards associated with this hazardous dust. Diseases such as silicosis, asthma, and histoplasmosis among others have their source traced to demolition and exaction dust.  According to experienced demolition company Heneghan Wrecking & Excavating, these concerns can be mitigated by following proper procedure, as well as workers donning the proper masks and equipment.

It’s important to note that this dust directly impact on the way vegetation and other plants grow. In fact in some case, it causes complete extinction of plant species. Other animals in the surrounding may experience breathing problems among other effects and this may force them to try adapt or migrate completely from the area. All these greatly affect the ecosystem.

Also, it’s this dust that results in the formation of acid rain that corrodes roofs among other structure. The economic and health effects associated with this aspect are vast.

Concerns for Water Contamination

There is a common saying that water is life. This is true. To understand how serious the demolitions and excavating impact in the surrounding ecosystems is, try to understand its effects on water. With the two activities, both surface and ground water are exposed to pollution. Moreover, the water quality received from treatment is also reduced. All these, means that no plant, animal or human is receiving water in its pure form. This will not only implant on their growth but also their productivity. With water contamination all over, the aquatic species are at a higher risk of extinction and unnecessary disturbances.

Stability of Other Structures

ExcavationExcavation exposes pipelines, electric cables and when heavy machinery are used, the stability of structures nearby is reduced. During demolition, some of the debris may collect on the walls of the structures around. This weakens them. This not only has an economic significance but possess as a serious security problem to the habitats of the affected building.

Excavation produces pits that can be dangerous to people and animals in the surrounding. The two activities produces large debris that could be life threatening if they accidentally fall.

Effects on Surrounding Soil

First, excavations loosens the soil and exposes it to multiple forms of erosion. Also, fertile top soil is usually covered during demolition and excavation. Moreover, the debris resulting from these activities could be piled in one area and this could affect transport among other activities. Also, the habitat where these piles are situated is usually completely destroyed in the process. These forms of soil pollution negatively impact the surrounding ecosystem.

Basically, what these two activities do is to cause so much simplification to the ecosystem. It’s this that results in so much instability and extinction of main players in the ecosystem. The long term effects are global warming, depletion of natural resources and an unhealthy society.



Undesirable Chemicals in Drinking Water – What You Need to Know

Safe Drinking Water

When it comes to drinking water, there are very few of us who would hesitate when grabbing a glass of water at a restaurant or in a friend’s home when we know the water has come from the tap.  Unless we know for certain that the water in an area has been contaminated, we often assume that the water has been filtered in some capacity. The Utah based ecologist James P McMahon has some excellent information on his website about the dangers of drinking unfiltered water. He sells a water filter which is custom built, called the Urban Defender. James believes this is the best whole house water filter available today. If you would like to know more about the Urban Defender please see https://cleanairpurewater.com/whole_house_water_filter.html.

So what kind of dangers could be hiding in water that hasn’t been filtered?  Are there chemicals that could make their way into our water that would make us sick from drinking it? There are a few undesirable chemicals that can be found in unfiltered water, such as:

  • Pesticides – Areas that are surrounded by farms, or get their water from natural means—lakes, wells, aquafers—run the risk of having their water contaminated by pesticides used on crops, or from lawn run-off. Pesticides in water can lead to damage to organs, and hormone imbalances.  Continued exposure over a long period of time can lead to serious illnesses, such as cancer.
  • Chlorine – This is a scent most of us can recognize fairly quickly, because it’s used to keep pools clean. Chlorine has been hailed as a miracle for stopping the spread of diseases through dirty water, and while it is extremely efficient in killing bacteria, drinking it in water over long periods of time is not good for one’s health.  In recent years, the focus has come off of removing harmful pathogens from drinking water and instead the focus has shifted to the fact that long term chlorine exposure is known to cause cancer.
  • Lead – Lead can make its way into water a variety of ways, such as from rusty pipes, or from improper filtration systems. Lead poisoning in adults can be mild, or barely noticeable.  However, the real danger comes when children or pregnant women ingest water contaminated with lead.  Babies and young children are very easily affected by lead, which can lead to cognitive delays, and permanent brain damage.  If there’s any worry about water being contaminated with lead, cease drinking and bathing with it immediately.
  • Lye (Sodium Hydroxide) – Lye is added in order to control the pH of water that is more acidic than it should be. The lye brings the pH back up to 7, which is what regular tap water should be.  However, drinking large qualities of lye in water, or drinking this mix for a long time can have serious effects on your health.  This is especially true because the usual reason there is a need to add lye to drinking water is because the use of chlorine has caused the water to become too acidic, which can slowly eat away at your pipes over the years.

One or more of these harmful chemicals can be found in any water you’re drinking in your home.  It’s important to make sure that you filter water you have access to with either a built in filter, or with a simple filter you can refill and leave in the fridge for drinking.  Being proactive is the best way to protect yourself and your family from unknowingly drinking something harmful.



Technologies to Clean Oil Wreckage Also Have Household Applications

The famous deep water horizon oil spill, as well as numerous other oil spills that we’ve documented, have made companies be interested in finding the best technologies to clean oil wreckage. While some of these are “space age” technologies, some are also relatively basic and can also be applied to household applications like carpet cleaning, laundry and other cleaning tasks. The list below will provide you with the insight on latest methods being used.

Use of Chemical Dispersants

This is a method that is used in deep sea. A chemical is sprayed on the water to break the oil into very tiny droplets that can easily mix with the water column. These droplets can now be eaten by microbes that further break them into less harmful compounds.  If used in the house, the chemical can be sprayed on the affected area and then use water to clean out any droplets or dirt created by this mixture, a common technique practiced by many large scale cleaning companies like Red River Carpet Cleaning. The water can be poured outside since it now less harmful.

• Use of MIT Magnets Technique

The "MIT Magnet Technique" has been used to extract oil from bodies of water.
The “MIT Magnet Technique” has been used to extract oil from bodies of water.

This is where good water-repellent ferrous nanoparticles are mixed in the oil plume and then a magnet is used to get the oil completely out of the water. The good part is that this process will allow a possible reuse of this oil.   This is a bit too advanced for residential applications, but has some uses in industrial applications on a non-disaster scale.

• Use of Super Absorbent Polymer Substance or Material 

This unique material is called PETROGEL. When in oil, it is able to soak up to forty times its original weight. This is possible because it has the ability to transform any absorbed oil into a very soft and solid oil containing gel. It is estimated that a pound of this special material can recover or absorb five gallons of crude oil. This soaked material could be taken to an oil refinery so that the absorbed oil could be recovered.

If you have oil spilled in your water storage tank, then this is the best material to clean up that mess.

• Use of the Lotus Leaf Inspired Oil Trapping Mesh

This is a stainless steel mesh that is able to allow water to easily go through but completely stops oil. The mesh was designed such that when a mixture is poured onto it, then oil is completely repelled. Larger nets could be useful for sea cleanup and the oil be reused.

In the house, boil and pour hot water on the affected area so it rips off the oil. Take this mixture of hot water and oil and pour it on this mesh to separate the water and the oil.

• Use of Aerogel

The translucent properties of Aerogel have led it to be named "Liquid Smoke".
The translucent properties of Aerogel have led it to be named “Frozen Smoke”.

This is also called NASA’s frozen smoke. Cleaning of oil wrecks is done through the creation of an Aerogel sponge. The chemistry of this sponge could be altered or changed so it could absorb either water or oil. It has a very low density allowing it to absorb so much oil as compared to all the other materials used. It works as a kitchen sponge and could be placed at a strategic point it absorbs the oil way before it reaches the coastline or the shore.

Conclusion

It’s now a fact that technologies to clean oil wreckage also have household applications like window, floor and carpet cleaning. The points listed above are just a few examples that are commonly used. All you have to do is to choose one that best meets your needs and you can afford.



Real Estate and Housing Issues Facing Native Americans in Texas

housing-market-native-americansThe housing and real estate industry are growing drastically in Texas and the world in general. New houses are built every day. The selling and buying of real estates have become a common business. While some people acquire their houses and real estates, others hire them. With the high rate of growth in the industry, many challenges are facing it. Some are at individual level, both for property owners and tenets, as well as at the sector level. If the challenges are not properly addressed in time, they may pose a problem to the industry in the near future. The remedy will begin at the individual level to the industry level. Proper measures ought to be found before it is too late. This article aims at discussing some of the real estate and housing issues facing Native Americans in Texas.

Lack of basic accessibility features

A great deal of the homes and real estates in Texas require modifications for access. However, many people especially the old and those with disabilities are not able to afford the modifications. As such, such people are unable to access the homes, a factor which makes the houses and real estates of no significance to them. Plans for the properties should make consideration of such people and thus put in place proper measures to ensure that the people use the properties.

Lack of in-home health solutions 

There is a low supply of health services to the homes in Texas. People who are aged, disable and those with a low income find it hard to access such services. Due to the inadequate supply of in-home health services, the cost of what is available is high. The issues are making life in real estates and homes hard for the above groups. It poses a big risk to those people since they are the most prone to health conditions due to their low conditions of living.

Unavailability of affordable houses

With the increase interest rates for funding and increased cost of construction, the rates for hiring or buying real estates and houses have increased. However, the incomes for the Native Americans in Texas have not increased proportionally. It’s possible to search for a professional assistance in the home search, such as a Realtor in Frisco, TX, but this doesn’t eliminate the problem entirely.  The result is that on a few people cannot afford the houses and real estates at the current prices. Some fail to enjoy such properties because they are not able to pay for them. Moreover, the affordable ones are I high demand; a factor that has caused their prices to keep on increasing. Houses and mortgages rank high in the list of monthly expenses for households. The high costs for housing, and real estates have forced many people to cut their consumption for other products because of the budget constraint.

Disconnecting social ties

The old as well as people with low incomes who cannot drive or are unwilling to, and live in the suburban and rural areas, are forced to remain there for long before they can move out of their residential areas to meet with relatives and friends in other places. Social interaction for some people is limited to their location.

There exist many issues facing the Native Americans as far as real estates and housing are concerned. Proper measures ought to be put in place to make the properties more useful to them.



Indigenous Trees throughout the US

For those that hold the native land of the Americas to be sacred, the planting of a tree is a satisfying, even spiritual act. It will not only contribute to the environment, it will offer you relaxation as well. Choosing the trees native to the region will be a rewarding job as you will not have to take much care of your trees as they will grow naturally. If they find the climates favorable and can grow with the minimal attention.  The benefits of the native trees are that they can grow without much care and can survive thousands of years even with the extreme climate conditions. The native trees are able to adjust to the changing environments. They also learn to cope with the pests and insects. If you are looking native trees in USA, then consider the followings.

Indigenous Trees in the US by Region

In state of the Alabama, you will get Longleaf pine and in Alaska, Sitka spruces are the natives.  In Arizona, Blue Palo Verde is the native and in Arkansas, Loblolly Pine is the local tree that can be grown without much attention. in American Samoa, pandanus and the coast redwood are the indigenous trees and in California, you will find giant sequoia as the native. In Colorado, Colorado Blue is the native and in district of the Columbia scarlet oak is known as the indigenous trees. in Delaware, American Holly and in Florida Sabal Palm are the native trees.

In Georgia, Southern live oak is the native and in Hawaii Candlenut tree is the local tree. In Indiana, tulip tree, in Iowa Bur oak, in Kansas eastern cottonwood, in Maine eastern white pine.  In New England States like Massachusetts and Rhode Island you will find flowering dogwood (special thanks to this tree service company in Rhode Island which gave us some special insighnts into this).  In Michigan white pine are the natives. Besides, in Montana, Ponderosa pine, in Nevada great basin bristlecone pine, in New Jersey northern red oak, in New Mexico penon pine, and in New York, sugar maple trees are indigenous.

In North California, you will find pine trees as the natives. in North Dakota American Elm is the local tree and in Oregon, Douglas –fir is known as the local trees. in south California Sabal palm, and in South Dakota Black hills spruce is the native trees. In Texas pecan, in Utah quaking aspen, in Vermont sugar maple, in Virginia flowering dogwood, in Washington western hemlock, and in West Virginia and Wisconsin sugar maple are indigenous trees. in Wyoming, plains cottonwood is the native tree.

Conclusion

See the following map provided by ArborDay.org which shows the various “zones” throughout the US. These zones affect the types of plants/trees that are able to thrive in those areas:

tree-zones-arbor-day

These are some of the native trees in states of the US. All these trees are friendly to their native environment and can be grown naturally without much effort. You just need to know when and how to plant it. You should have the proper idea about the planting season to make sure that it will be grown on its own. You will have to follow some basics to ensure that these trees are getting enough water and foods.

Other Resources:

“Types of Trees on Long Island” by The Long Island Tree Service.

Long Island Tree Works

 



About Us

The Gwich’in Steering Committee was formed in 1988 in response to increasing threats to open the Sacred Place Where Life Begins, the coastal plain (also known as 1002 area) of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to leasing for oil. Recognizing that this threat to the caribou calving grounds was a threat to the very heart of our people, the elders called upon the chiefs of all villages from Canada to Alaska to hold a traditional gathering, Gwich’in Niintsyaa, in Arctic Village for the first time in over a century. In this meeting, we addressed the issue with a talking stick in accordance with our traditional way, and came to the unanimous agreement that we would speak with one voice against oil and gas development in the birthing and nursing grounds of the Porcupine River caribou herd. Over the past 15 years, the Steering Committee staff, board, and volunteers have succeeded at a grassroots level to educate the public and decision-makers on why the “coastal plain” of the Arctic Refuge must be permanently protected as wilderness. We feel strongly that a major part of our achievements are a direct result of the continuing wisdom and guidance provided to us by our elders. The Gwich’in people stand united in our continued efforts to protect the “1002 area” from oil and gas development.

Please explore this site to learn more about the Gwich’in Culture, our relationship with the caribou and the land, and our struggle to preserve Iizhik Gwats’an Gwandaii Goodlit (The Sacred Place Where Life Begins), the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

A Moral Choice for the United States

The Human Rights Implications for the Gwich’in of Drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

The Gwich’in Steering Committee report concludes that drilling in the Arctic Refuge would violate the human rights of the Gwich’in people because of the impacts drilling would have on Gwich’in subsistence, culture, and way of life. The report was prepared on behalf of, and under the auspices of, the Gwich’in Steering Committee along with the Episcopal Church and Professor Richard J. Wilson, Director of the International Human Rights Law Clinic at American University. The public interest law firm Trustees for Alaska coordinated the preparation of the report.




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