The famous deep water horizon oil spill, as well as numerous other oil spills that we’ve documented, have made companies be interested in finding the best technologies to clean oil wreckage. While some of these are “space age” technologies, some are also relatively basic and can also be applied to household applications like carpet cleaning, laundry and other cleaning tasks. The list below will provide you with the insight on latest methods being used.
• Use of Chemical Dispersants
This is a method that is used in deep sea. A chemical is sprayed on the water to break the oil into very tiny droplets that can easily mix with the water column. These droplets can now be eaten by microbes that further break them into less harmful compounds. If used in the house, the chemical can be sprayed on the affected area and then use water to clean out any droplets or dirt created by this mixture, a common technique practiced by many large scale cleaning companies like Red River Carpet Cleaning. The water can be poured outside since it now less harmful.
• Use of MIT Magnets Technique
This is where good water-repellent ferrous nanoparticles are mixed in the oil plume and then a magnet is used to get the oil completely out of the water. The good part is that this process will allow a possible reuse of this oil. This is a bit too advanced for residential applications, but has some uses in industrial applications on a non-disaster scale.
• Use of Super Absorbent Polymer Substance or Material
This unique material is called PETROGEL. When in oil, it is able to soak up to forty times its original weight. This is possible because it has the ability to transform any absorbed oil into a very soft and solid oil containing gel. It is estimated that a pound of this special material can recover or absorb five gallons of crude oil. This soaked material could be taken to an oil refinery so that the absorbed oil could be recovered.
If you have oil spilled in your water storage tank, then this is the best material to clean up that mess.
• Use of the Lotus Leaf Inspired Oil Trapping Mesh
This is a stainless steel mesh that is able to allow water to easily go through but completely stops oil. The mesh was designed such that when a mixture is poured onto it, then oil is completely repelled. Larger nets could be useful for sea cleanup and the oil be reused.
In the house, boil and pour hot water on the affected area so it rips off the oil. Take this mixture of hot water and oil and pour it on this mesh to separate the water and the oil.
• Use of Aerogel
This is also called NASA’s frozen smoke. Cleaning of oil wrecks is done through the creation of an Aerogel sponge. The chemistry of this sponge could be altered or changed so it could absorb either water or oil. It has a very low density allowing it to absorb so much oil as compared to all the other materials used. It works as a kitchen sponge and could be placed at a strategic point it absorbs the oil way before it reaches the coastline or the shore.
It’s now a fact that technologies to clean oil wreckage also have household applications like window, floor and carpet cleaning. The points listed above are just a few examples that are commonly used. All you have to do is to choose one that best meets your needs and you can afford.